Works Cited


1. Aktar, W., Sengupta, D., & Chowdhury, A. (2009). Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards. Interdiscip Toxicol, 2(1), 1-12.

2. Balbuena, M., Tison, L., Hahn, M., Greggers, U., & Farina, W. (2015). Effects of sublethal doses of glyphosate on honeybee navigation. Journal of Experimental Biology, 218, 2799-2805.

3. Battaglin, W., Meyer, M., & Dietze, J. (2014). Glyphosate and Its Degradation Product AMPA Occur Frequently and Widely in U.S. Soils, Surface Water, Groundwater, and Precipitation. Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 50(2), 275-290.

4. Berkowitz et al. (2004). In utero pesticide exposure, maternal paraoxonase activity, and head circumference. Environ Health Perspect 2004, 113(8), 338-391.

5. Bradman et al. (2007). Pesticides and their Metabolites in the Homes and Urine of Farmworker Children Living in the Salinas Valley, CA. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 17, 331-349.

6. Bremen, M. L. (2013). Determination of glyphosate residues in human urine samples from 18 European countries. Bremen, Germany: FOE Europe.

7. CA Dept. of Pesticide Regulation. (1974-2016). California Pesticide Information Portal (CALPIP). Retrieved from

8. CA Dept. of Pesticide Regulation. (2018). Pesticide-Summary Table North interface. Retrieved from

9. Pests & Pesticides.

10. (2009). Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals. Human and Health Services.

11. (2016). Dioxin-Like Chemicals: Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxins, Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans, and Coplanar and Mono-ortho-substituted Polychlorinated Biphenyls.

12. Erick, V., Motta, S., Raymann, K., & Moran, N. (2018). Glyphosate perturbs the gut microbiota of honey bees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(41), 10305-10310.

13. Friends of the Earth, Europe. (2013). Human contamination by glyphosate.

14. Gasnier et al. (2009). Glyphosate-based herbicides are toxic and endocrine disruptors in human cell lines. Toxicology, 262(3), 184-91.

15. Gillezeau et al. (2019). The evidence of human exposure to glyphosate: a review. Environ Health, 18(2).

16. Goulson, D. (2013). Review: An overview of the environmental risks posed by neonicotinoid insecticides. Journal of Applied Ecology, 50(4).

17. IPBES. (2019). Media Release: Nature’s Dangerous Decline ‘Unprecedented’; Species Extinction Rates ‘Accelerating’. Retrieved from Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services :

18. (2018). Childhood Cancer Diagnoses. Retrieved May 7, 2019, from

19. Krüger et al. (2013). Field Investigations of Glyphosate in Urine of Danish Dairy Cows. J Environ Anal Toxicol., 186(3).

20. Krüger et al. (2014). Detection of Glyphosate Residues in Animals and Humans. J Environ Anal Toxicol, 4(2).

21. Lewis, F. B. (2001, March). Movement and deposition of two organophosphorus pesticides within a residence after interior and exterior applications. J Air Waste Manag Associ., 3(51), 339-51.

22. Mao et al. (2018). The Ramazzini Institute 13-week pilot study on glyphosate and Roundup administered at human-equivalent dose to Sprague Dawley rats: effects on the microbiome. (U.N. Medicine, Ed.) Environ Health, 17(1), 50.

23. Mesange, Bernay, & Séralini. (2013). Ethoxylated adjuvants of glyphosate-based herbicides are active principles of human cell toxicity. Toxicology, 313(2-3), 122-128.

24. Mesange, Defarge, N., Spiroux de Vendômois, J., & Séralini. (2014). Major pesticides are more toxic to human cells than their declared active principles. Biomed Res Int.

25. Mesange, R., & Antoniou, M. (2017). Ignoring Adjuvant Toxicity Falsifies the Safety Profile of Commercial Pesticides. Front Public Health, 361(5).

26. Moms Across America. (2014). Glyphosate Testing Full Report: Findings in American Mothers’ Breast Milk, Urine and Water.

27. National Pesticide Information Center. Pesticides and Children. Retrieved from

28. NOAA Fisheries. Biological Opinions: Information on Pesticide Effects on Pacific Salmonids. Retrieved from NOAA Fisheries Pesticide Consultations

29. Richard, M. S. (2005). Differential Effects of Glyphosate and Roundup on Human Placental Cells and Aromatase. Environ Health Perspect., 113(6), 716-720.

30. Roberts, W. C. (2009). Monitoring and reducing exposure of infants to pollutants in house dust. Rev Environ Contam Toxicol.(201), 1-39.

31. Romano et al. (2012). Glyphosate impairs male offspring reproductive development by disrupting gonadotropin expression. Arch Toxicol, pp. 663 – 673.

32. Rubio, F., & Kamp, L. (2014). Survey of Glyphosate Residues in Honey, Corn and Soy Products. J Environ Anal Toxicol, 249(4).

33. Sass, J., & Wu, M. (2013, March ). Superficial Safeguards: Most Pesticides are Approved by Flawed EPA Process. National Resources Defense Council.

34. Séralini et al. (2009). Glyphosate Formulations Induce Apoptosis and Necrosis in Human Umbilical, Embryonic, and Placental Cells. Chem. Res. Toxicol., 22(1).

35. Séralini et al. (2014). Republished study: long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maiz. Environmental Sciences Europe, 26(14).

36. Sierra Club. (2016). The Unintended Consequences of Using Glyphosate.

37. Sonoma County Department of Agriculture. (2017-2018). Pesticide Use Report Data. Received 5/9/19.

38. Sonoma County Department of Health Services. (2018). Sonoma County Summary Measure of Health.

39. Thogmartin et al. (2017). Monarch butterfly population decline in North America: identifying the threatening processes. R. Soc. Open Sci., 4.

40. Thongprakaisang, S. e. (2013). Glyphosate induces human breast cancer cells growth via estrogen receptors. Food Chem Toxicol., 59, 129-136.

41. US EPA. (1982). PRN 82-1: Revised Policy on Label Claims for Tank Mixing. Pesticide Registration.

42. US EPA. (2000). Progress Report on Estimating Pesticide Concentrations in Drinking Water and Assessing Water Treatment Effects on Pesticide Removal and Transformation: A Consultation.  FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel Meeting.

43. US EPA. (2009, May). National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. Retrieved from

44. US EPA. (2011). Finalization of Guidance on Incorporation of Water Treatment Effects on Pesticide Removal and Transformations in Drinking Water Exposure Assessments.

45. US Government Accountability Office. (2014). FDA and USDA should strengthen pesticide residue monitoring programs and further disclose monitoring limitations.

46. US PRIG. (2019). Glyphosate pesticide in beer and wine. U.S. PIRG Education Fund.

47. USGS. (1996). Pesticides in Ground Water. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet, 233(95).

48. Vandenberb, L. e. (2012). Hormones and endocrine-disrupting chemicals: low-dose effects and nonmonotonic dose responses. Endocr Rev., 33(3), 378-455.

49. Whyatt, e. a. (2004). Prenatal Insecticide Exposures and Birth Weight and Length among an Urban Minority Cohort. Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(10), 1125-1132.

50. World Health Organization. (2008). Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality.

51. Young, e. a. (2005). Association Between In Utero Organophosphate Pesticide Exposure and Abnormal Reflexes in Neonates. NeuroToxicology, 26(2), 199-209.